Susan Shaw and Janet Lee. Sex assignment and Intersex surgery. Men's Women's Vulvovaginal Research Self-report sexual risk behaviors. Aggression Causes of sexual violence Effects and aftermath of rape Misandry Misogyny Rape culture Rape trauma syndrome Sociobiological theories of rape Victim blaming. Slavery in the Arab World. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Similarly, Pearling involves surgical insertion of small, inert spheres under the skin along the shaft of the penis for the purpose of providing sexual stimulation to the walls of the vagina.
Early Greek infibulation consisted of piercing the foreskin and applying a gold, silver or bronze ring annulusa metal clasp fibula or pin.
Genital modification and mutilation
Clitoris enlargement may be achieved temporarily through the use of a clitoral pumpor it may be achieved permanently through the application or injection of testosterone. Nonsurgical restoration is the preferred method as it is less costly and typically yields better results than surgical restoration. British Journal of Medical Practitioners. People who are transgender or intersex may undergo sex reassignment surgery in order to modify their bodies to match their gender identity. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Genital modification. Advocates of natural childbirth and unassisted birth state that this intervention is often performed without medical necessity, with significant damage to the person giving birth. Not all transgender people elect to have these surgeries, but those who do usually see an improvement in their sexual lives as well as their mental and emotional well-being.